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Arithmetic Geometry Seminar / Seminario di Geometria Aritmetica

Upcoming talks

Past talks

This is the webpage of the Arithmetic Geometry Seminar at Università degli Studi di Milano, Dipartimento di Matematica "Federigo Enriques".

Upcoming talks

Massimo Pippi, Universität Regensburg, 26/05/2023 (h14:00, Aula Dottorato)

Title: Non-commutative nature of \(l\)-adic vanishing cycles

Abstract: It is well known that the theory of vanishing cohomology is strictly related to that of singularity categories. Indeed, in characteristic zero it is known after A. Efimov how to recover the vanishing cohomology with its monodromy action from the singularity category of the special fiber. More recently, A. Blanc, M. Robalo, B. Toën and G. Vezzosi defined \(l\)-adic cohomology for non-commutative spaces (a.k.a. dg categories). Moreover, they identified the \(l\)-adic cohomology of the singularity category of the special fiber of a scheme over an henselian trait with the (homotopy) fixed points of vanishing cohomology with respect to the action of the inertia group. This holds true also in positive and mixed characteristics. In this talk, I will explain how to recover the whole vanishing cohomology, together with the natural action of the inertia group. This is joint work with D. Beraldo.

Andrea Marrama, Centre de Mathématiques Laurent Schwartz, École Polytechnique (Paris), 9/06/2023 (h14:00, Sala di Rappresentanza)

Title: TBA

Abstract: TBA

Winter Semester 2023/2024

Jan Vonk, Leiden University

Title: TBA

Abstract: TBA

Past talks

Haoyang Guo, Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in Bonn, 19/05/2023 (h14:00, Sala di Rappresentanza)

Title: The Frobenius height of prismatic cohomology group

Abstract: Introduced by Deligne, cohomology group of a complex algebraic variety underlies the notion of mixed Hodge structure. Moreover, such a notion can be extended to cohomology of general coefficients, including variations of mixed Hodge structures. In this talk, we consider the analogue in integral \(p\)-adic geometry: the prismatic cohomology and its structure of prismatic \(F\)-crystal. In particular, we give a bound of the Frobenius eigenvalues of the prismatic cohomology with coefficients, analogous to the bound of weights of cohomology in complex geometry. This is a joint work in progress with Shizhang Li.

Jakob Scholbach, Università degli Studi di Padova, 12/05/2023 (h14:00, Aula Dottorato)

Title: Constructible sheaves on schemes and a categorical Künneth formula

Abstract: I will present a uniform theory of constructible and lisse sheaves, with coefficients in a general condensed coefficient ring, for arbitrary schemes. Among other things, this recovers and extends the existing approaches to \(\ell\)-adic constructible sheaves in the literature. In the second part of the talk, I will talk about a categorical Künneth formula for Weil sheaves. This is joint work with Tamir Hemo and Timo Richarz.

"Incontri di geometria algebrica ed aritmetica Milano – Pisa", Milan, 3-4/05/2023, (first meeting in Pisa, 16-17/11/2022)

Room: Aula C03, Via Mangiagalli 25, Facoltà di Scienze Agrarie e Alimentari

Speakers: Andrea Bandini (Università degli Studi di Pisa), Francesco Sala (Università degli Studi di Pisa), Tamás Szamuely (Università degli Studi di Pisa), Angelo Vistoli (Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa).

The detailed schedule is available here.

Guido Bosco, Sorbonne Université - Université de Paris, 28/04/2023 (h14:00, Sala di Rappresentanza)

Title: Rational \(p\)-adic Hodge theory for rigid-analytic varieties

Abstract: In this talk, I will discuss the rational \(p\)-adic Hodge theory of general \(p\)-adic rigid-analytic varieties, without properness assumptions. The study of this subject for varieties that are not necessarily proper (e.g. Stein) is motivated in part by the desire of finding a geometric incarnation of the \(p\)-adic Langlands correspondence in the cohomology of local Shimura varieties. In this context, one difficulty is that the relevant cohomology groups (such as the \(p\)-adic (pro-)étale, and de Rham ones) are usually infinite-dimensional, and, to study them, it becomes important to exploit the topological structure that they carry. But, in doing so, one quickly runs into several topological issues: for example, the category of topological abelian groups is not abelian, and the cohomology groups of a complex of topological vector spaces can be pathological in the case the differentials do not have closed image. I will explain how to overcome these issues, using the condensed and solid formalisms recently developed by Clausen and Scholze, and I will report on a general comparison theorem describing the geometric rational \(p\)-adic (pro-)étale cohomology in terms of de Rham data.

Aleksander Horawa, University of Oxford, 21/04/2023 (h14:00, Sala di Rappresentanza)

Title: Motivic action conjectures

Abstract: A surprising property of the cohomology of locally symmetric spaces is that Hecke operators can act on multiple cohomological degrees with the same eigenvalues. A recent series of conjectures proposes an arithmetic explanation: a hidden degree-shifting action of a higher Chow group (motivic cohomology group). We will give an overview of these conjectures, focusing on the examples of \(GL(2)\) over \(Q\) and over quadratic fields, and \(GSp(4)\) over \(Q\).

Mikala Ørsnes Jansen, University of Copenhagen, 14/04/2023 (h13:45, Sala di Rappresentanza)

Title: Compactifications of moduli spaces and stratified homotopy theory

Abstract: Compactifications of locally symmetric spaces or more generally moduli spaces often come equipped with natural stratifications, that is, a ''well-behaved'' partition of the space. Concrete examples include the Borel-Serre and reductive Borel-Serre compactifications of the locally symmetric space associated to an arithmetic group, and the Deligne-Mumford-Knudsen compactification of the moduli stack of stable curves. Arising from this additional structure are a wealth of interesting constructible (complexes of) sheaves, i.e. sheaves which are locally constant along each stratum (but not necessarily on the whole space!). These in turn define interesting cohomology theories, e.g. intersection cohomology and weighted cohomology.

It is a classical result that locally constant sheaves on a sufficiently nice topological space are classified by the fundamental groupoid, or homotopy type. For stratified spaces, we have a similar classification of constructible sheaves as representations of the so-called exit path category, or stratified homotopy type. Calculating the stratified homotopy type of a concrete stratified space would allow us to study the constructible sheaves from a more combinatorial viewpoint - in theory at least.

I will talk about some explicit calculations.

Thomas Geisser, Rikkyo University, 31/03/2023

Title: Brauer groups and Neron-Severi groups of surfaces over finite fields

Abstract: For a smooth and proper surface over a finite field, the formula of Artin and Tate relates the behaviour of the zeta-function at \(1\) to other invariants of the surface. We give a version of the formula which equates invariants related to the Brauer group to invariants to the Neron-Severi group. To illustrate our results we give some applications for abelian surfaces.

Morten Lüders, Leibniz Universität Hannover, 24/03/2023

Title: On the left Kan extension of the Chow group of zero cycles

Abstract: We explain different types of Chow groups of zero cycles for singular schemes and how they should be related. More precisely, we show that the Levine-Weibel Chow group of zero cycles is left Kan extended from smooth algebras in the affine case over algebraically closed fields, and even rigid for surfaces. One key ingredient is Bloch's formula for singular schemes. The motivation for these results comes from algebraic \(K\)-theory. This is joint work in progress with Matthew Morrow.

Shuji Saito, University of Tokyo, 17/03/2023

Title: Generalized Weibel’s conjecture

Abstract: This is a report of a joint work with Shane Kelly and Georg Tamme.

The main result affirms that for a qcqs derived scheme \(X\) whose underlying scheme has finite valuative dimension \(d\), we have \(K_i(X)=0\) for \(i<-d\). If \(X\) is a noetherian scheme, the result is due to Kerz-Strunk-Tamme. The method of the proof follows Kerz-Strunk-Tamme who deduced it from the pro-cdh descent for algebraic \(K\)-theory. The latter property fails for non-noetherian schemes in general. A key point is that it still holds replacing schemes by derived schemes.

Alberto Merici, University of Oslo, 10/03/2023

Title: A motivic integral p-adic cohomology

Abstract: We use the theory of logarithmic motives to construct an integral \(p\)-adic cohomology theory for smooth varieties over a field \(k\) of characteristic \(p\), that factors through the category of Voevodsky (effective) motives. If \(k\) satisfies resolutions of singularities, we will show that it is indeed a “good" integral \(p\)-adic cohomology and it agrees to a similar one constructed by Ertl, Shiho and Sprang: we will then deduce many interesting motivic properties.

Arthur-César Le Bras, CNRS & IRMA Strasbourg, 22/02/2023

Title: A stacky perspective on p-adic non-abelian Hodge theory

Abstract: \(p\)-adic non abelian Hodge theory, also known as the \(p\)-adic Simpson correspondence, aims at describing \(p\)-adic local systems on a smooth rigid analytic variety in terms of Higgs bundles. I will explain in this talk why the « Hodge-Tate stacks » recently introduced by Bhatt-Lurie and Drinfeld in their work on prismatic cohomology can be useful to study this kind of questions. Joint work with Johannes Anschütz and Ben Heuer.

Bruno Kahn, Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu-Paris Rive Gauche, 20/01/2023

Title: On the Tate conjecture for divisors

Abstract: We prove that the Tate conjecture in codimension \(1\) over a finitely generated field follows from the same conjecture for surfaces over its prime subfield. In positive characteristic, this is due to de Jong-Morrow over \(\mathbf{F}_p\) and to Ambrosi for the reduction to \(\mathbf{F}_p\). We give a different proof than Ambrosi's, which also works in characteristic \(0\); over \(\mathbf{Q}\), the reduction to surfaces follows from a simple argument using Lefschetz's \((1,1)\) theorem.

Wataru Kai, Tohoku University / Università degli Studi di Milano, 16/12/2022

Title: The Green-Tao theorem for number fields (and beyond)

Abstract: Green and Tao famously proved that there are arbitrarily long arithmetic progressions of prime numbers. Around the same time, Tao proved an analogue for the Gaussian integers: the set of prime elements of \(\mathbb{Z}[i]\) contains constellations of arbitrary shapes. After reviewing some background of these theorems, I will explain our generalization of them to the context of prime elements in general number fields, a joint result with M. Mimura, A. Munemasa, S. Seki and K. Yoshino. Time permitting, I will describe my recent attempt to deepen this result, following the work of Green-Tao-Ziegler on more complex linear patterns of prime numbers.

Lucas Mann, University of Muenster, 02/12/2022

Title: A p-adic 6-Functor Formalism in Rigid-Analytic Geometry

Abstract: We introduce a p-adic 6-functor formalism on rigid varieties and more generally Scholze's diamonds, which in particular proves Poincaré duality for étale \(\mathbb F_p\)-cohomology on proper smooth rigid varieties over mixed-characteristic fields. The basic idea is to employ Clausen-Scholze's condensed mathematics in order to construct a category of "quasicoherent complete topological \(\mathcal O^{+a}_X/p\)"-sheaves on any diamond X. This category satisfies v-descent and admits the usual six functors \(\otimes\), \(\underline{Hom}\), \(f^*\), \(f_*\), \(f_!\) and \(f^!\) with all the expected compatibilities. One can then pass to the category of \(\varphi\)-modules, i.e. pairs \((M, \varphi_M)\) where \(M\) is as before and \(\varphi_M\colon M \to M\) is a Frobenius-semilinear isomorphism. By proving a version of the \(p\)-torsion Riemann-Hilbert correspondence we show that classical étale \(\mathbb F_p\)-sheaves embed fully faithfully into the category of \(\varphi\)-modules (identifying perfect sheaves on both sides), which finally allows us to relate the 6-functor formalism of \(\varphi\)-modules to \(\mathbb F_p\)-cohomology. With this theory established, we also obtain a new and short proof of the primitive comparison isomorphism.

Giacomo Cherubini, University of Rome La Sapienza, 01/12/2022

Title: Real quadratic fields with large class number

Abstract: We know that every integer can be factored in a unique way as a product of primes. This is no longer true over number fields and the class number indicates "how badly unique factorization fails": if the class number is one then we have unique factorization, while anything bigger than one means we don’t. A long-standing open conjecture of Gauss states that there are infinitely many real quadratic fields with class number one. In the opposite direction, one can prove that there are infinitely many real quadratic fields with class number as large as possible. In this talk I will explain what ”as large as possible” means and a few ideas on how the result can be proved. This is joint work with Fazzari, Granville, Kala and Yatsyna.

Adel Betina, University of Copenhagen, 25/11/2022

Title: On the first derivative of cyclotomic Katz p-adic L-functions at exceptional zeros.

Abstract: This talk is based on a joint work with Ming-Lun Hsieh studying the exceptional zeros conjecture of Katz \(p\)-adic \(L\)-functions. We will present a formula relating the first derivative of the cyclotomic Katz \(p\)-adic L-function attached to a ring class character of a general CM field to the product of an \(L\)-invariant and the value of some improved Katz p-adic L-function at \(s=0\). In particular, we show that these Katz \(p\)-adic \(L\)-functions have a simple trivial zero if and only if their cyclotomic \(L\)-invariants are non-zero. Our method uses congruences of Hilbert CM forms and the theory of deformations of reducible Galois representations. I will discuss at the end of this talk about how we can compute the first derivative beyond the case where the branch character is a ring class character using \(p\)-adic Eisenstein congruences for \(U(2,1)\).

Alberto Vezzani, Università degli Studi di Milano, 11/11/2022

Title: Homotopical methods for Hyodo-Kato cohomologies.

Abstract: Using homotopical methods in rigid analytic geometry, we show how to give a streamlined definition of the Hyodo-Kato cohomology for rigid analytic varieties over a non-archimedean local field with residue characteristic \(p>0\). As an application, we deduce an exact complex à la Clemens-Schmidt involving the monodromy operator, the rigid and the \(log\)-rigid cohomologies. Work in progress with F. Binda and M. Gallauer.

Luca Dall'Ava, Università degli Studi di Milano, 4/11/2022

Title: Hida theory for Special quaternionic orders.

Abstract: In this talk, we discuss a quaternionic Control Theorem, in the spirit of Hida and Greenberg-Stevens, considering a generalization of Eichler orders proposed by Pizer. These orders allow higher level-structure at the primes where the quaternion algebra ramifies. Interestingly, the quaternionic modular forms associated with these orders live in Hecke-eigenspaces whose rank might be 2 and not necessarily 1, as in the Eichler case. The proven Control Theorem deals with this higher multiplicity situation. Time permitting, we will discuss some work-in-progress developments on recovering strong multiplicity 1, and an expected generalization of Chenevier's \(p\)-adic extension of the Jacquet-Langlands correspondence with these interesting level structures. This last part is joint work with Aleksander Horawa.

Marco Seveso, Università degli Studi di Milano, 21/10/2022

Title: On a reciprocity law for \(GSp(4)\) and arithmetic applications.

Abstract: After briefly discussing \(p\)-adic type Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer conjectures, I will explain a reciprocity law supporting it which is a work in collaboration with Fabrizio Andreatta, Massimo Bertolini and Rodolfo Venerucci.

Francesco Battistoni, Università degli Studi di Milano, 14/10/2022

Title: Classification of number fields with small regulator.

Abstract: Classification of number fields with bounded invariants is an important problem in Computational Algebraic Number Theory. In this talk, we shall focus on a procedure which classifies number fields with small regulator: in particular, we show that better results are available if a specific function, which is a key object in the procedure, is estimated as sharply as possible. As a consequence, we rigorously provide minimum regulators for number fields of degree 8 and with 1 complex place.