From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In journalism, the Five Ws,
also known as the Five Ws (and one H) or simply the Six Ws,
is a concept in news style, research, and in police investigations
that most people consider to be fundamental.
It is a formula for getting the "full" story on something.
The maxim of the Five Ws (and one H) is that
in order for a report to be considered complete
it must answer a checklist of six questions,
each of which comprises an interrogative word
The principle underlying the maxim
is that each question should elicit a factual answer
— facts that it is necessary to include
for a report to be considered complete.
Importantly, none of these questions can be answered
with a simple "yes" or "no".
n the context of the "news style" for newspaper reporting,
the Five W's are types of facts that should be contained in the "lead"
(sometimes spelled lede to avoid confusion
with the typographical term "leading" or similarly spelled words),
or first two or three paragraphs of the story,
after which more expository writing is allowed.